A collective agreement is an agreement between unions that represent the interests of workers and employers. According to IDA, it is unfair for a recognized union or employer to refuse to negotiate in good faith with the other party. In addition, an employment contract is active throughout the undersigned employee`s term of office. Trial periods are allowed. The employer must agree with the worker of the probation period. As of January 1, 2017, the maximum duration of such a period is six months and may be extended under certain restrictions if the worker is on sick leave or family leave during the probationary period. Collective agreements may provide for a shorter period of time. For fixed-term contracts, the trial period may be equal to half the duration of the contract, but in any case not more than six months. They are defined by sectoral collective agreements and range from 3 months to one year, depending on the occupational category to which the employee belongs. They may be extended once for the same period if the employer feels that the trial period is not clear. No obligation to file employment or police contracts with third parties or to obtain authorization.
Oral contracts are similar to contracts with authorisation, with the main difference that oral agreements are not formally filed (since they are based on oral agreements between the employer and the employee). In general, oral agreements are more difficult to enforce, and any disciplinary action or workers` dispute is based, for example, on evidence that is not necessarily recorded, making it much more difficult for both parties to prove a case. As a general rule, the trial period should not exceed 3 months (in certain circumstances, they may be six months, subject to the agreement of the union concerned). The trial period must be reflected in the employment contract. Written internal guidelines, such as an internal labour regulation and data protection policy, are mandatory. The employer can also take other measures, such as . B a remuneration policy, a directive on the protection of confidential information, etc. A trial period may be agreed in the employment contract for up to three months or for a maximum of six months for senior managers (who are responsible for the management of the company or who speak directly to such an executive). The trial period should not be extended. It is also possible to recruit a worker on a part-time contract (which may be indeterminate or fixed-term) if the worker works less than 24 hours per week.