Vassal Agreement

Overlord treaties and similar alliances and agreements between Middle Eastern states were quite widespread in old Israel during premonarchic and monarchical periods. The Hittites, Egyptians and Assyrians had been from 1200 to 600 BC. Overlords of the Israelites and other tribes of the Levant. The structure of Jewish federal law resembled the Hittitic form of the Overlord. [6] A Lord also enjoyed ancillary benefits and fiefdom-related rights. For example, when a vassal died, the Lord was entitled to a large sum of money from the heirs of the vassal. If the heir was a minor, the Lord could sell or give custody of the country and take advantage of his profits until the heir arrived. A gentleman also had the right to refuse the marriage of an heiress with a fiefdom if he did not want to have the husband as his vassal. This type of family involvement of the Lord has made the feudal relationship intimate and complex. Many rich people have founded vassal states, based on tribes, kingdoms or city-states whose subjects they want to control without having to conquer or govern directly. In these cases, a subordinate state (such as dependency, overlordy, residence or protectorate) has retained internal autonomy, but has lost foreign policy independence, while in many cases it also grants formal recognition or provides troops if desired. Each contract would generally begin with an “identification” of the Suzerain, followed by a historical prologue that catalogues the relationship between the two groups “with an emphasis on the benevolent actions of the Overlords towards the vassal.” [6] After the historical prologue came the destination. This included tributes, obligations and other forms of subordination imposed on the Israelites.

[6] According to the Hittitic form, it was necessary, depending on the possibility offered to the vassal, to apply for copies of the contract to be read periodically throughout the kingdom. [6] The Treaty would have divine and earthly witnesses who would demonstrate the validity, reliability and effectiveness of the treaty. This has also been combined in the blessings resulting from respect for the treaty and the curses of treaty violation. For disobedience, those who had not remained firm in the implementation of the provisions of the Treaty would be cursed. [7] [8] In this context, a formal colony or a “junior ally” could also be considered a vassal state in international relations, as a “fief owner” or a national “agent”. In medieval Japan, the relationship between the mighty Daimys and Shugo and the subordinate Jizamurai bears an obvious resemblance to western vassalage, although there are also some significant differences. The price of a vassal`s power was fidelity to the Lord or fidelity. Fealty carried with him an obligation of service, the most common form being chivalrous services. A vassal in chivalrous service was required to defend the stronghold of invasion and fight for a number of days in an offensive war. In times of war, the Knights Service also called for security at the Lord`s Castle for a period of time.

Instead of military service, some vassals received socage or tenure in exchange for a multitude of tasks. These duties were generally agricultural, but they could take other forms, such as the Personal Presence of the Lord. Further vassals were given scutage, in which the vassal agreed to pay money instead of military service. Priests received other forms of warrants in exchange for their services. During the time of Charlemagne (ruled in 768-814), the link between vassalage and land granting, the main form of wealth of the time, developed slowly.